First Peoples of Canada

Division 4 students are researching the First Peoples of Canada in order to help students at our school understand and appreciate the unique characteristics and cultural diversity of the First Peoples whose traditional territories reside inside the modern borders of Canada. 




Below are some links that will help you get started. Be careful with names of First Peoples groups. Some names have been changed back to the traditional names, so there could be confusion. 

Western Cordillera

Stella, Ryla & Aubrey Tsilhqot’in (Chilcotin)
Serena & Aichen Tsek’ehne (Sekani)
Lily & Karon Haida
Daniel & Markus Gwich’in
Ayden & Maria Nuu-cha-nulth (Nootka)
Jacob & Michael Coastal Salish*
Shuswap (Secwepemc)

Interior Plains

Jorgia & Kriselle Dakota-Sioux *
Jalen & Jayden C. Métis

Canadian Shield

Jadon Y. Woodlands Cree
Isaiah & Ryan Dene*
Matteo & Abhishek Kivallirmiut (Caribou Inuit)

Great Lakes/St. Lawrence lowlands

Thomas, Tyler & Jaden L. Wendat (Huron)
Alivia & Kaitlyn Haudenosaunee (Iroquois)


Bowen Inuvialuit*

Appalachian Lowlands

Rylan Beothuk  
Didar Mi’kmaq

*Indicate there may be many different groups included in this people. 


research-proposal: Complete and hand in January 20

research-notes: Complete one for every source you use.

  • Students can use these questions to guide their research and note taking, or you can generate some of your own. The questions above were created by students, about the things they wanted to find out about. 
  • Use at least 3 or 4 of these questions to research in detail. You may use as many as you find necessary to communicate expert knowledge about the peoples you are learning about. 
  1. What are the beliefs of the First Peoples group I am researching? How do they share their beliefs and pass them on from generation to generation? How are they similar or different from other First Peoples? 
  2. How do these First Nations people pass on important knowledge and values to the generations? What was the role of stories and oral tradition? What was the role of art?
  3. What was here in Canada before Europeans arrived? What was the traditional territories of this First Nations people like? How did it change?
  4. How has this First Peoples group struggled for their rights and land? Provide examples. Have they been successful?
  5. What do these First Nations believe about their origins? How do they explain how they got here? What other evidence or theories are there about how North America was populated?
  6. How did colonization by Europeans affect or change these First Peoples?
  7. What kinds of technology did these First Nations people adopt? How did it work? 
  8. How did the First Nations people adapt to their geography (surrounding landscape)? How did they use the resources around them to survive?
  9. What kind of settlements or homes did the First Nations people develop?  
  10. What are the unique customs and cultural practices of this First Nations people? 
  11. Were there wars and conflict between First Peoples before Europeans arrived? How was warfare conducted? For what kinds of reasons did warfare or conflict break out between First Peoples? 
  12. What do these First Nations people understand about medicine and healing?


  • Students must choose an effective format (report, illustrations, models, art, essay, stories, info chart posters etc.) to communicate their learning. It must be able to present to the school by being posted in a hall. The format is up to you. 


Math Problem of the Day

Sorry division 4! I completely forgot to post this yesterday afternoon. There is still time in the week to have a math conversation with your parents or someone else.


Two Point Perspective Drawing

Create a 3D perspective drawing using two point linear perspective. Draw a house and yard, a city scene or street scene.

  1. Draw a light horizontal line across the middle of the paper for your horizon line.
  2. Draw two vanishing points on the horizon line at opposite sides of the paper.
  3. Use the vanishing points to align all your guidelines.
  4. Draw your guidelines using a ruler. Draw them very lightly so they can be erased.
  5. Use pencil shading to show depth, perspective and light/dark contrast.
  6. Use a fine liner to outline the drawing.



  1. Make concessions to other areas of learning (math)
    • Carefully plan out and measure distance and depth?
    • Did you use ruler for guidelines?
    • Do all guidelines align with one of the two vanishing points?
  2.   Develop and improve techniques.  
    • Did you use very light guidelines?
    • Did you clearly identify two vanishing points on the edges of the paper?
    • Did you erase guidelines when no longer needed?
    • Did you effectively use a fine liner black pen to outline and shade?
    • Did you effectively use vanishing points to show depth and perspective?
  3. Adapts learned skills for new purposes and audiences. 
    • Did you carefully use shading techniques to show depth, detail and light/dark contrast?
    • Is the drawing well presented? Is it well positioned on the drawing surface?



Fractions to decimals

Any fraction can be changed to a decimal by multiplying the numerator and denominator by the same value. It helps to multiply by a number that gives you 10, 100, or 1000 on the bottom of the fraction. 

Literature Circles

Happy new year div. 4 families.

Students have chosen their first lit circle book and have met with their group. All week 1 readings and jobs will be due on Wed, Jan 11 in the morning with Mrs. Weiss. Please check in with your child about their book, their job, and how much reading they need to do  for next wed. 

Students can use in class independent reading time for reading. Some work may need to be done at home this weekend. 

Thanks, Mrs. Weiss 

Historical Inquiry

THE FRANKLIN EXPEDITION: Historical Heroes or Epic Fools? 

DOWNLOAD ASSIGNMENT ORGANIZERS: disc-franklin-expeditiondisc-franklin-expedition

One of Canada’s great historical mysteries is close to being solved. In 1845 the Franklin Expedition left England on a quest to map the elusive Northwest Passage through the Arctic Ocean. The entire crew was lost and the ships disappeared until their recent discovery made possible by the testimonies provided in Inuit oral histories. The Erebus was discovered in shallow waters in 2014 and last summer, the Terror was finally found. Once the contents of each ship is examined, we might learn more about what happened to Franklin’s crew.

But we have our own mystery to solve. European explorers from Cabot, Champlain and Cook, to Mackenzie and Franklin are often remembered as remarkable men. They are celebrated in our history books and documentaries. But are we telling accurate stories about such men? Were they heroic and remarkable?




Writing Workshop

Writing Descriptive Detail Using Powerful Adjectives

Student-generated list of some powerful adjectives:

WRITING PROMPTS: Powerful Photos from 2016

Expert writers use a variety of words to describe objects or events in great detail.

  • Chose one of the powerful photo images from 2016 that are posted around the room. Write one paragraph describing what is happening in the image. Be creative – use powerful adjectives.

CRITERIA                                                                                                              [ ____ /20]

[5 = expert | 4 = competent | 3 = marginally achieved | 2 = developing | 1 = not effective | 0 = not present]

  1. ___ /5 Effective topic sentence, supporting details and concluding sentence.
  2. ___ /5 Detailed descriptions.
  3. ___ /5 Well edited for grammar, punctuation and spelling.
  4. ___ /5 Accurately uses a variety of powerful adjectives. Circle them in your writing.


eg. The Catch

Yesterday, I saw a peculiar, almost unbelievable sight. It only lasted a moment but was utterly shocking and yet, at the same time, breathtakingly spectacular. We launched a drone rigged with a camera to photograph some scenic aerial photographs of the lush, pristine forest around our home. Suddenly, seemingly from nowhere and without warning in a single powerful swoop an eagle snatched the drone in the forceful, relentless grip of her crushing talons. Whether she thought it was delicious food or a threatening predator we cannot know for sure. But what we do know, is that she destroyed the drone in a catastrophic attack. The low monotonous hum of the machine was drowned by the beast’s deafening calamitous screech and then came to a sudden, crunching halt as the bird captured it and then threw it unmercifully to the dense forest canopy below. When we finally located the drone, it was hardly recognizable as anything but a useless clump of mangled trash. We wondered aloud how that graceful, powerful bird might snare and disfigure its helpless prey.

  • Can you find the powerful adjectives in the piece of writing above?